Colosseum Rome UNESCO Protected

One of the seven wonders of the modern world

 

The Colosseum is part of the World Heritage Property and is an UNESCO site. Parts of it still remains standing today due to conservation efforts.

The Shining Glory Of The Roman Empire

What Encompasses Colosseum Rome Under UNESCO

Under UNESCO, Rome Colosseum is a World Heritage property. It covers a wide area including the entire historic centre of Rome. It also extends to the Basilica of St. Paul’s as well as outside the wall. All archaeological sites, strata titles, the complex and its surroundings are part of the protection. According to legend, Romulus and Remus who were the sons of the fearsome Roman God of War, Mars who found Rome. The location was the banks of the Tiber river in 753 B.C. Rome was initially the primary centre of the Roman Republic, and then the Roman Empire only to become Christian Rome from the 4th century onward. Christian Rome was built on top of the old city. Eleven centuries later, there was a profound influence of the Popes, and they brought about notable change to the city. This led to the Renaissance period and later on the Baroque period. Rome, due to its importance and influence throughout the Mediterranean, soon became known for the main Christian confluence.

What Criteria Was Met To Meet The Standards Of UNESCO

1. Priceless Monuments And Great Artistic Value

With over three thousand years of history and monuments such as the Pantheon, the complex of the Roman and Imperial Forums and the Colosseum, still standing (regardless of the ageing due to age), was enough testimony to the riches they once possessed. Over the centuries, there was further work carried out like the Castel Sant’Angelo, the city walls, continuing development from the Renaissance and Baroque periods to warrant a very rich history. Civil buildings, religious buildings, sculptural delights, the “Trident” marked out by Sixtus V (1585-1590), the Ara Pacis, Saint Mary Major, the Major Basilicas of Saint John Lateran all were deemed of great monumental importance and thus regarded to be protected by UNESCO.

2. Art – Painting/Sculptures/Architecture/Urban Planning

Anywhere where one goes in Rome, once is taken in by the influence of artworks which have then spread across the globe. Be it architecture, urban planning, technology; all have had a major influence on art. It just did not stop at antiquity, but ancient Rome was also able to influence the world during the Renaissance, Baroque and Neoclassical periods too. Ancient Rome is referenced many times thanks to its abundance of palaces, churches, classical buildings and the spectacular and detailed sculptures and paintings. Thanks to Rome, Baroque art spread the world over.

3. Many remains of archaeological sites of Ancient Rome

Ask anyone, and they will tell you that they believe Rome has many archaeological sites. They are not wrong as this is common knowledge worldwide. What is striking is that not only are the sites still standing today, some are in terrific condition considering it has been two to three millennia through time where art, techniques, planning, architecture was rapidly changing and evolving.

4. The Heart Of Rome

The heart of Rome has not changed in the millenniums gone by. Through so much of change, much of Rome, the heart of it, has not changed. Instead, specific characteristics are still intact; the original building and architectural elements have not changed and yet all look integrated and not out of place in modern Rome.

Below is a list of monuments recognised by UNESCO as of significance and how these styles have all merged to create a unique collection.

  • City Walls and Palaces
  • Forums
  • Baths
  • Religious Buildings
  • Basilicas of Saint Mary Major
  • St Paul’s Outside the Walls
  • St John Lateran
  • Baroque Churches
  • Water systems such as the Renaissance and Baroque fountains, aqueducts, and drainage as well as the floodwalls along the Tiber river.

5. History of Christian Faith

There is no doubt that Rome is the base of western culture influencing with literature, language and law, and for more than two millennia, has been a religious capital, especially for the Christian Faith. From centuries past till today, it is a centre for pilgrimages as the Pope resides here. Also, visitors in the hundreds of thousands visit the Saints and Martyrs and Tombs of Apostles.

Colosseum Rome Probity

UNESCO has found the following as the essentials to representing Outstanding Universal Value:

  • The World Heritage property Historic Centre of Rome
  • Extraterritorial Properties of the Holy See
  • Basilica San Paolo Fuori le Mura

In 1980, the World Heritage List included the whole historic centre of Rome, and later in 1990, the following were added to complete the representation of the historic centre:

  • Holy See’s extraterritorial properties
  • The Basilica of Saint Paul’s Outside the Walls
  • Urban VIII

Marked by complex stratification, archaeological sites, Renaissance and Baroque art, Christian Basilicas all became part of the World Heritage property.

The Heritage Listed Property today is exposed to certain elements and these are being addressed by the authorities. Some of these include:

  • Environmental pressure
  • Development of new buildings
  • Environmental issues
  • Historic buildings decaying
  • Increased visitor footprints
  • Social and economic changes in Rome
  • The threat of natural disasters
  • The risk of vandalism to buildings and terrorist activity

Colosseum Rome Probity

Despite going through a modern transformation, the historic city of Rome has not changed much. In the past, there were attempts to protect the building, temples and monuments but it was not until the 19th Century that it became planned and policies were drawn to ensure that the rich archaeological history should be preserved the best way possible, and at the same time, ensuring that monuments be preserved too. Thus, begun exhaustive restorations. These restorations were carefully carried out based on previous successes of Arch or Titus, Colosseum and other important monuments and buildings.

Soon, the conservation was moved from individual buildings and monuments but reached out to the entire historic city of Rome as the planners realised the importance of the Roman history and how important it was to have it preserved. The Istituto Superiore per la Conservazione e il Restauro played a vital role in drafting a charter – Venice Restoration Charter. This charter was adhered to and clearly showed the tools and conservation methods required to preserve the buildings, temples, arches and the surrounding urban area within.

Rome has done a fabulous job of conserving and protecting its past while it welcomes pilgrims and tourists from all over the world today. It has shown that with careful planning and restoration, an ancient city has the ability to remain authentic in modern times and not allow for the past to be forgotten.

Protecting And Managing The World Heritage Site

Protecting and managing this World Heritage Site is a momentous undertaking as it not only involves Italy as a whole but, that of the Holy See, which is the authority on the Catholic faith worldwide.

To simplify the governance and ensure that all the institutes work together to continually promote the Heritage site as well as present it in the best condition always, came the establishment of Roma Capitale. They also have come up with strategies for major renovations too.

Below are legislations both by the Holy See and Italy which are necessary to protect the site.

Holy See Legislation

  • Law No .355 – Protection of Cultural Heritage which protects the site

Italian Law

  • Legislative Decree No. 42 – Protection of Cultural Heritage which protects the site
  • Regional Level, Law No.24
  • Territorial Landscape Plan (landscape heritage protection strategies.
  • General Urban Plan

For Rome, the General Urban Plan is crucial as it is a tool that regulates the entire city and ensures that the city is presented, protected, and promoted as a World Heritage Listed Property. The tag of historic city is extended to the whole area and the surrounding, which is why the General Urban Plan is so important.

The regulations include:

  • Features of the buildings and ensuring the current urban landscape is not disturbed
  • Different quality control and practices
  • Defines strategic planning for different areas as well as potential future development
  • It goes on further to outline fundraising activities to promote and conserve the World Heritage site

As to the management arrangements of the site, several government bodies such as the Lazio Region, Roma Capitale, the Vicariate of Rome and the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities have come together including the Holy See. A technical-Scientific Commission was also set up and they monitored and reviewed the drafting plans to ensure that all aspects of planning are considered and that the World Heritage site is always protected, promoted and conserved in the best human and environmentally way possible.

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